“Hier ruhen Serbischen helden”

“Hier ruhen Serbischen helden”

On a monument in a forgotten corner of Košutnjak park in Belgrade, the capital of Serbia, is written in “Hier ruhen Serbischen helden” (German), below it is  written in Serbian “Овде почивају српски јунаци”. The English translation is “Serbian heroes rest here”.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pictures above: 08/06/2018: the monument in the Košutnjak park in Belgrade, Serbia for the fallen Serbian WWI soldiers who defended Belgrade in the autumn of 1915.

This monument was made by the German general Mackensen in 1915 after Belgrade was captured by the Germans & Austro-Hungarians. It is on the Serbian & German military graveyard which is on the hill of Banovo Brdo. Beside the monument for the Serbian WWI soldiers there is also a monument for the German WWI soldiers. Later also German WWII soldiers found their last resting place there, but the graveyard fell into disrepair.

General Mackensen had a huge respect for the Serbian defenders and was so impressed about the defenders of Belgrade that he made this statue for them. To give you an impression, here one of his speeches before he started the battle: “You are not going to the Italian, or Russian, or the French front. You are going into a fight against a new enemy who is dangerous, tough, brave and sharp. You are going to the Serbian front, to Serbia, and Serbs are people who love their freedom and who are willing to fight for it to their last.”

Picture above: The monument in the past, date unknown. On the monument is written “DAS PREUSS. RES. INF. RGT. 208 – SEINEN GEFALLENEN HELDEN” (=The Prussian reserve infantry regiment 208 – it´s fallen heroes). Source: Gentleman’s Military Interest Club
Picture below:  The same monument as above, but now photographed by me on 08/06/2018.

It is a sad to see that these monuments with an amazing story behind it are in disrepair and forgotten. I did read that there were plans in 2016 plans for restoration, but there are still no signs that the works will start.

Photo above: 08/06/2018: Deutsche helden friedhof 1915.

This is not just a monument for Serbian & German WWI soldiers: it is a monument which shows the bravery of the Serbian WWI soldiers but also the German chivalry which General Mackensen truly showed with ordering to built this monument for his brave & heroic enemy soldiers.

08/06/2018: plaque on the foot of the monument for the Serbian heroes

More information:

http://www.volksbund.de/kriegsgraeberstaette/belgrad-beograd.html

http://www.heritage.gov.rs/latinica/vesti_prezentacija-projekta-obnove-spomen-obelezja-nemackog-vojnog-groblja-na-kosutnjaku.php

 

Living on the border of the European Union: Kenđija in Serbia

Living on the border of the European Union: Kenđija in Serbia

Last weekend I was with friends in Kenđija, located in the Northwestern part of Serbia, where Serbia meets Hungary and Croatia. When I opened my Google maps I saw the map below and was pretty surprised: according to Google I was in Croatia !

We did not passed any border post, neither we saw a sign or anything else: we were still de facto in Serbia.  The real border is currently in the middle of the Danube river. My friend who has a weekend house there told me that they pay for all utilities which are delivered from Serbia. Beside it is the (disputed) border between Serbia and Croatia, it is also the border of the European Union. Serbia is candidate member state of the EU, but until Serbia will join the EU this is an EU “outer” border.

Batina in Croatia as seen from the Serbian shore of the Danube river, 26/05/2018. 

On Wikipedia you can read the following information about this still ongoing border dispute:

The Croatia–Serbia border dispute refers to differing views held by Croatia and Serbia regarding their border in the area of the Danube River. While Serbia holds the opinion that the thalweg of the Danube valley and the center line of the river represents the international border between the two countries, Croatia disagrees and claims that the international border lies along the boundaries of the cadastral municipalities located along the river—departing from the course at several points along a 140-kilometre (87 mi) section. The cadastre-based boundary reflects the course of the Danube which existed in the 19th century, before meandering and hydraulic engineeringworks altered its course. The area size of the territory in dispute is reported variously, up to 140 square kilometres (54 square miles).

The dispute first arose in 1947, but was left unresolved during the existence of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. It became a contentious issue after the breakup of Yugoslavia. Particular prominence was given to the dispute at the time of Croatia’s accession to the European Union. As of September 2014 the dispute remains unresolved, and the line of control mostly corresponds to Serbia’s claim.

Interestingly this situation started in 1699 with the Treaty of Karlowitz, which transferred Slavonia and a portion of Syrmia (now Croatia) from the Ottoman Empire to the Habsburg Monarchy at the conclusion of the Great Turkish War. The rest of Syrmia was transferred to the Habsburg Monarchy through the Treaty of Passarowitz in 1718. And yes the Dutch diplomat Jacobus Colyer was mediating during both peace talks….

The place where we were was very nice with beautiful nature, it reminded me a lot to my old home country the Netherlands. So I spent a nice weekend with my friends on the Habsburg Monarchy shore with a view to the Ottoman empire…..

Kenđija, 26/05/2018: a view towards the old Danube river, which was the former border between the Ottoman Empire and the Habsburg monarchy , currently the Croatian-Serbian border according the Croatian government. De facto this is all Serbian territory.

 

“Capable of permanent stay in Serbia”

“Capable of permanent stay in Serbia”

Today I went for some medical tests which are compulsory to obtain a permanent stay in Serbia. Thanks god I am healthy, that is the most important thing of course in life, but you don ‘t beat Serbian bureaucracy with that: you have to wait in front of a šalter ( a counter) for minimum 30 minutes, pay, wait at least another 30 minutes and go from office to office. Anyway the people at the health care center were very nice, I have to admit and respect for them.

In the afternoon I had to come back to get the result of all the tests and the result was: “Sposoban za stalni boravak u Srbiji” which means “capable of permanent stay in Serbia” 🙂

Who would think that I would be ever happy in my life to get a medical certificate with a final statement like this ? And what does it mean “capable of permanent stay in Serbia”?
That I can continue listening Radio Bumbum (link) without any health reasons ? To be able at one day to sing the “Bože Pravde (the Serbian national anthem) without accent ?

With the help of my dear (Serbian) wife I was already aware of the things below, which are essential of surviving in Serbia….

From the book “Snippets of Serbia”, an illustrated guide about Serbia, by Komshe publishing. More info about the book you may see on their’s website (link).

So the medical test is done, I am now “capable of permanent stay in Serbia, officially recognized by the doctor , the next step is to deliver all the papers  to the MUP (police) let’s hope they will think the same way. ~to be continued~, let’s have a coffee first 🙂

Also from “Snippets of Serbia”
Evil cats in Belgrade

Evil cats in Belgrade

This morning I passed them again: the evil cats of knjižara (=book shop) Apropo (link) at Cara Lazara street in the city center of Belgrade. Every morning I pass them on my way to the office and I could not stand it any more, it was enough ! During my lunch break I went there and started to complain to the staff  of the mentioned book shop about their evil cats.

I told them: “it is not fair that your cats are lying nicely and warm when I have to walk to the office”. “The worst thing is that they are smiling, jawing, looking at me stupid, evil or they are laughing at me”. “If next time they will do it again I will be back with my complaints”.  The good staff  member told me that she felt sorry for me and told me “that´s life”. The other one told me “you are always welcome with your complaints”. So that we call good customer relations :-).

One of the evil cats….

And of course, go there indeed, it is a lovely place (and the cats are nice during opening hours 😉 )

Blic & Blic & RTS

Blic & Blic & RTS

Sometimes “the media” finds me and then I have to appear in the newspaper or on TV. Do I like it ? I would lie if I would say “no”

First it was Blic (=a Serbian newspaper) earlier in April (yes on my birthday even) about the movies I posted on YouTube about traffic behavior in Serbia (article online here). Later I was contacted for an article in the newspaper of Blic and it was a very nice article, which you can find online here (link).

It caused a chain reaction, because this week I was contact by RTS (the Serbian national TV) as they wanted an interview about me living here in Belgrade and the pro’s and con’s of that…

Here it is for those who understand Serbian 😉

Kovačica, the centre of naïve art

Kovačica, the centre of naïve art

Yesterday it was 1st May and that means a public holiday in Serbia so we decided to finally go to Kovačica, a village approximately 47 km north-east of Belgrade in the autonomous province of Vojvodina. We heard nice stories about the village, which is called “the centre of naïve art”, so we took the chance to finally visit it.

Gallery of naïve art in Kovačica: Painting of Zuzana Chalupová, 1986.

Naïve art is any form of visual art that is created by a person who lacks the formal education and training that a professional artist undergoes. The result is nevertheless beautiful and very touching.I really like it, the scenes in these paintings are mostly innocent and very down to earth: scenes of daily (village) life and done in a very colourful and lively way. The most famous painter of them all was Zuzana Chalupová, a Serbian naïve painter Slovak origin (Wiki).

Gallery of naïve art in Kovačica: Painting of Zuzana Chalupová, 1986.

Kovačica is a multi-ethnic village with 6469 inhabitants and exists of: 41% Slovaks, 34% Serbian, 10% Hungarian, 7% Romanian, 8% Others*. The naïve art is mainly done by the Slovaks as they told us.

Multi-lingual street sign in Kovačica.

It is a very nice village and a very nice gallery, well worth visiting it. They have other things (galleries, churches etc.) which can be visited too, but they were closed, because of the public holiday. There is, definitely, a reason to go back!

More info:
Gallery of naïve art: http://www.naivnaumetnost.com/
Municipality Kovačica: http://kovacica.org/

Gallery of naïve art in Kovačica.

(*Source RZS)

Traffic safety in Serbia

Traffic safety in Serbia

I have almost been living for 4 years in Serbia and I love it here (and I have no intention to move away with my Serbian wife from here). I have been driving for 2 years here in Serbia: I wrote already earlier about “the unwritten traffic rules in Serbia” (link).

The traffic is a challenge here. I bought recently a dash-cam for the purpose of recording what is going on: I hope I will not have to use these images, BUT I hope people will realise that we have to drive safer here in Serbia and that is the reason why I posted some of my dash-cam videos on YouTube.

Last Monday B92 wrote even an article about it (which you can find here) and others (Blic, Kurir) took it over. I wasn’t informed about or someone contacted me, but OK, never mind. I got a lot of positive comments, but also some negative comments. These are reasons why I wrote this blog.

My main goal with posting those videos is that people become aware that the traffic safety has to increase in Serbia: too many innocent children & adults die or get wounded on the Serbian roads and according to me that has to stop. The money all these accidents costs can be better used for healthcare or education (or better roads!) according my humble opinion.

And if you think I want to portray Serbia in a bad light, I invite you kindly to continue to  read my blog and see how I love Serbia 🙂 . If you are still not convinced (and think that I am anti-Serbian) then also see our website www.secanje.nl : this is about our voluntarily research to the fate of the Serbian WWI soldiers who died in the Netherlands…..

“Sorry we did not know it was invisible”

“Sorry we did not know it was invisible”

When NATO started to bomb Yugoslavia on 24/03/1999, it was the 1st war of NATO without an UN mandate. In the heart of Europe bombs were dropped and the results of these bombardments can still be seen and felt in Serbia.

18/03/2018: Monument on the hill of Straževica (in the Belgrade suburb of Rakovica) commemorating two non-commissioned officers killed by NATO aggression. This hill was the most bombarded place in Belgrade as underneath the army HQ was located.

Besides the huge economical loss of which Serbia is still suffering, there also a lot of personal tragedies which never can be calculated in money of course. During the 78 days of the military campaign, the Serbian government estimates that at least 2,500 people died and 12,500 were injured (article).

The first time I visited Serbia, in 2004, I did not feel any hostility towards me and I was positively surprised. Ten years later I decided to live in the capital of Serbia, yes Belgrade, with my Serbian wife. In those 3,5 years I never ever felt being blamed or attacked about these bombardments. I have noticed that many people don´t want to talk about it in detail, it is still considered a traumatic event for many which I of course completely understand and respect. To quote somebody: “we could not believe that we were being bombed at the end of the 20th century”.

One truly amazing story which keeps inspiring me is the story of my dear friend Zoltán Dani. He was a colonel in the 3rd battery of the 250th Missile Brigade from the army of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. When NATO started the bombardments he had of course to do his duty and defend his country.

In the evening of 27/03/1999 he and his team shot down a stealth F117A from the US Air force, this type of plane was thought invisible. Zoltán and his team made some modifications on their radar system, spotted the plane and shot it down. The pilot, Dale Zelko, used his ejection seat and was later rescued by US forces.

That is already amazing, but what is even more amazing is that years later Zoltán came in contact with Dale by accident and they became….. friends… First Dale came to visit Zoltán in Serbia and later Zoltán went to the USA. Two documentaries were made about these visits: 21 sekund (link) about the first and “Drugi Susret” (the 2nd meeting, link) about you guess their 2nd meeting. These documentaries are very interesting to see how foes became friends (see also article here).

Dale Zelko (left) from the USA and Zoltán Dani (right) from Serbia.

Zoltán told me the background and reasons why he became friends with his former enemy, because he remembers also the pain, the fears and the angers just like many other Serbs when NATO started to bomb Serbia.

The author of this blog and Zoltán Dani, Belgrade, February 2017.

Everybody can shoot a plane down, but not everybody can become friends with his former enemy. Let this story give inspiration to many.

If you want to see “Drugi Susret” then you can come on the special event on 27th March at 17:00 to Art Bioskop Kolarac Studentski Trg 5 (Google Maps) in Belgrade (fb event here). 

A political program for Belgrade? For free 5 points !

A political program for Belgrade? For free 5 points !

It is election time in Belgrade (and two other cities Bor and Aranđelovac) , because on 04 March a new city council has to be elected. Its metropolitan territory is divided into 17 municipalities, each with its own local council, so good luck with the elections.

I tried to find some political programs , but it is hard to find ANY political program. I have checked some of the main political party’s who are running for these elections:
1) I asked politely via Twitter to mr.Vučić ‘s (=he is the president of Serbia)  political party “SNS”, running as “Aleksandar Vučić – Zato što volimo Beograd!” (=Aleksander Vučić, because we love Belgrade), the political program and of course ~ no reply~;
2) For the SPS ( the socialists) I could not find anything on their website as well;
3) Th DS (Democratic party) called me and I asked them if they have a political program on their website and the sad sad yes. I can t find and I asked via Twitter and of course ~ no reply~;
4) “Došta je bilo” (=enough is enough) running together with Dveri  and they have a program on their website, but from 2016… ~next~
5) The political party “šta radite bre” (what are you doing) gave a me a program on the street and I got a nice button: as a Dutch I am sensitive for free stuff ( and I assume Serbs as well) , so they would have get my vote if I would have a right to vote…. And hey, how democratic, a political program, printed in my hand (and yes the button)…

Meanwhile I still don ‘t know what they all want for this beautiful city, so I can help them a bit with giving them 5 points for their political program.

1) Belgrade needs to invest in their hospitals & healthcare ( as anywhere in Serbia), thus in general the healthcare system: prio number 1 !

2) Finish the running projects for Belgrade’s Waterfront, but stop immediately with the rest before there is a democratic control mechanism on this project. Maybe there should be even a parliamentary investigation (does that exist here) about how this project was approved. Renewal is good, nothing bad about that, but only the way to it should be democratic (aka according to EU standards).

3) Upgrading public transport : a metro would be nice, but also cheaper possibilities would be possible like a tramway or a trolley. Great solutions are possible with a small budget, it isn’t difficult, you just need the brains ( and there are enough of them). We do not want a budget deficit until the year 2150, so a metro: ~ ne hvala~ Be realistic, because a metro is not realistic seen the economic situation and the huge costs.

4) Talking about economic capable to built a metro, maybe you can first start repairing the street, for example the main shopping street ?

5) To earn some money  I would suggest: tougher  control on traffic violations. Hang some camera’s  around the city roads and you will maybe even have some money left for point number 1.

Those are only 5 points , grap them here for free I would say ,  translate them into Serbian and make the best out of it !

Update 10h00: On Twitter there were people so kind to send me a link to the political program of “Ne davimo Beograd” (“let Belgrade not drown”) : https://promenadolazi.rs/program/
Great and good to see! Thank you dear Twitter people 🙂 !

The logo of their party
Holocaust memorial day

Holocaust memorial day

The 27th January it is #HolocaustMemorial day so that we never forget the Holocaust. Unfortunately, it seems that anno 2018 we seem to forget a lot of things.

Recently I had the honour to meet one of the survivors of Jasenovac on a preview of the exhibition about this concentration camp, which was “the Auschwitz of the Balkans“, where at least 100.000 people were killed (and this is even a low estimation). Even German SS officers at that time were shocked by the crimes committed by the Croatian Ustasas (which collaborated with the Nazi’s).  There was also the only concentration camp for children…

13/01/2018: Mr Rončević talking at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Belgrade, Serbia.

The exhibition opened today at the United Nations palace in New York and Mr Rončević (the survivor) spoke at the opening today about the horrors he witnessed.  When I brought him home 2 weeks ago he told me that he is satisfied that finally after all these years he could speak freely and that the government finally acknowledged the horrors he had to witness. The Serbian government arranged that he could speak in New York today, as during Tito’s Yugoslavia it was forbidden to speak about Jasenovac, because it could damage the brotherhood and unity between the Croats and the Serbs. Now he could speak freely about the crimes he had to witness.

Meanwhile it is for me unbelievable to see that an European country like Croatia (even member of the EU)  tried to prevent this exhibition (see article B92) and therefore try to cover the genocide of Roma, Jews and Serbs committed in Jasenovac.

Pictures below: Made by myself, 13.01.2018 at the Serbian ministry of Foreign Affairs in Belgrade.