The disintegration of Yugoslavia

The disintegration of Yugoslavia

The last country to bear the name was the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY) established on March 27, 1992. It was a federation on the territory of the two remaining (non-secessionist) republics of Serbia (including the autonomous provinces of Vojvodina and Kosovo) and Montenegro. On February 4, 2003, it was renamed to the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro, and officially abolished the name “Yugoslavia”. On June 3 and June 5, 2006 respectively, Montenegro and Serbia declared independence, thereby ending the Yugoslav state. (From : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yugoslavia)

Hereby a short resume, by date:

Slovenia: 25th June 1991

Yugoslavia started to des-integrate (or fall) with the declaration of independence of Slovenia, the 25th of June 1991. The Slovenian government did advanced the declartion of independance 24 hours, because they expected that the JNA ( Jugoslovenska Narodna Armija =the Yugoslav People’s army) would interfer, which they did. A ten day were broke out between the Slovenian TO (Teritorijalna Odbrana= Territorial Defence , created under the communist period . Local defence force organized on the level of republics) and the JNA . -to be continued-

Croatia: 25th June 1991

The world was surprised by the declaration of independence of Croatia on the 25th of June 1991, just before the Slovenian declaration of independence. It was expected that Slovenia would be the first with their declaration, but Sabor (=parliament) of Croatia suprised the world by coming with their declaration a day before the Slovenes. -to be continued-

Macedonia: 8th September 1991

Macedonia declared itself independent the 8th September 1991.

Bosnia-Herzegovina: 1st March 1992

Bosnia-Herzegovina declared itself independent the 1st of March 1992 by referendum.

Montenegro: 3th June 2006

Montenegro declared itself independent the 3th June 2006 by referendum.

Kosovo: 17th February 2008

The Assembly of Kosovo approved a declaration of independence on 17 February 2008.

“The Death of Yugoslavia”, by the BBC

A very good documentary from the BBC about Yugoslavia is “the Death of Yugoslavia” where the desintegretion is well described with interviews with all the main actors.

You can search for these BBC documentaries on youtube.